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    Group B Strep infection is the leading infectious killer of newborns. Potentially, it can cause sepsis, pneumonia, meningitis or death in approximately 1 to 2 in 1000 babies.

    Guidelines - Canada Canada flag

    The recommendations for the prevention of neonatal Group B Strep disease are undergoing changes. Recommendations may be different depending on the country you are in.

    In Canada, check with your caregiver to learn what options are available to you. Some provinces do not currently support screening. To read more information on Group B Strep in Canada see this list of Canadian Group B Strep Resources

    USA/ Canada/ United Kingdom



    J Soc Obstet Gynaecol Can 1997 Publication number 61 June 1997
    National Consensus Statement on the Prevention of
    Early-Onset Group B Streptococcal Infections in the Newborn

    Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

    Canadian Paediatric Society

    Identification and management of women whose newborns might be at increased risk of GBS disease are acceptable by either of two methods:

    a. Universal screening of all pregnant women at 35 to 37 weeks gestation with a single combined vaginal-anorectal swab and the offer of intrapartum chemoprophylaxis to all GBS-colonized women.

    b. No universal screening but intrapartum chemoprophylaxis for all women with identified risk factors (Table 2). This strategy should also be used in cases where universal screening is the policy but either was not done or the test results are not available.

    Risk Factors For Which Intrapartum Chemoprophylaxis is Recommended

    • Pre-term labour (< 37 weeks gestation)
    • Term labour (>= 37 weeks gestation)
      • Prolonged rupture of membranes. Chemoprophylaxis should be given if labour and/or ruptured membranes is likely to continue beyond 18 hours (neonatal benefits are optimally achieved if antibiotics are given at least 4 hours prior to delivery).
      • Maternal fever during labour (>38 deg C orally).
    • Previous delivery of a newborn with GBS disease regardless of current GBS colonization status
    • Previously documented GBS bacteriuria

    Mom to Mom

    Don't forget to check these important FAQ's. These sites were written by Moms for Moms. Supporting information is provided where possible.

  • GBS In the urine For those who have had GBS found in the urine in pregnancy
  • GBS Positive For those who have tested positive at 35-37weeks
  • GBS+ and Scared For those frightened by their GBS+ status
  • Previous GBS Baby For those who have had a previously infected baby
  • Induction/Interventions For those who are facing Inductions or are looking for information on various interventions
  • GBS Resources/News A collection of links around the internet for those moms doing their OWN research
  • Alternatives and Homebirth Under ConstructionA sneak preview of the information available on effectiveness and safety of alternative remedies. Any additional info that should be included, please email me at
  • Random Poll


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